Chronic low back pain is a significant public health problem in industrialized society. The intact spine carries the upper body and external loads, allows motion in a physiological range and protects the spinal cord. These different demands necessitate a high degree of complexity with various sources for disorders and pain. The JWI conducts research in order to counter pain causes and to further optimize the pain treatment.
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Spinal Stresses and Strains
Movements, like waist inclination, and loads, such as wearing a shopping bag, cause stresses and strains in tissues. The right dose is of great importance. Excessive stress and strain can damage structures, causing cracks or bring discs to prolapse. Low stresses and strains lead to degradation of bone and soft tissue mass, which results in an increased risk of fractures. To date, we know very little about dose-response relationships. It is certain that the correct dose is very individual and age and sex dependent.
The research in spine biomechanics at the Julius Wolff Institute is engaged in such a dose-response relationship in the field of inter-corporeal fusion, new implant techniques, regenerative processes and the degeneration process.